Dr. Ravinder has done his MS (Pharm.) and Ph.D. in Pharmacology and Toxicology from NIPER-SAS Nagar, India. He received his postdoctoral training at Yale School of Medicine, USA, and Icahn School of medicine at Mount Sinai, NY. Dr. Ravinder has made an outstanding contribution in the field of pharmacological research and has elucidated the involvement of various pathogenic pathways like oxidative stress, PARP overactivation, inflammation, and apoptosis in ischemic-reperfusion injuries and diabetic complications. Gene regulation is another of his interests and he has developed various tools/methods to study the mechanisms of epigenetic memory. His work is published in journals of high repute and is highly cited. He is a reviewer and editorial board member of several international journals.